High pulse rate is where the heart beats faster than usual leaving behind its repercussions. This condition is medically termed as Tachycardia, where the heartbeat is abnormally high than the normal rate being 60-100 per every minute. So when a pulse crosses 100 BPM, it is considered to be high due to inability or inefficiency of the heart in pumping the blood.
Tachycardia is of two types. One is ventricular tachycardia, in other words, V-tach, where it is concerned with ventricles; and another being supra-ventricular tachycardia, SVT in which the pumping is on the upper side of the heart. The latter is more common and less harmful than V-tach. Yet, any abnormal condition is better when consulted with a physician.
Causes for these pulse rates to go high are many. But most of them have a short span while there are some factors that keep the pulse rate on high for a comparatively long time. High pulse rate is a factor that is caused by some heart disease in a person. It could be coronary or high BP or pericarditis. The arteries get hardened at times or the valves are damaged that leads to difficult blood pumping. The hyper activity of thyroid leads to high pulse rate. High pulse rate is also caused by other disorders related to metabolism or damage of heart in its upper part thereby straining and weakening the heart.
When the lung tissues get non-elastic, blood pumping is eventually affected. Other factors like fever or vitamin deficiency etc can also be named as temporary causes. Blood pressure is defined as the force exerted by the blood circulation on the blood vessel walls and BP is one of the 4 major vital signs. Per heartbeat, blood pressure differs between the maximum (termed systolic) and the minimum (termed diastolic) pressures.
- The arterial pressure is usually measured through a sphygmomanometer that in history uses the height of the mercury reflecting the circulating pressures. These days, blood pressure assessments are still detailed in mercury millimeters (mmHg) even though the aneroid and electronic meters co does not use mercury.
- BP varies among systolic and diastolic pressure for every beat of the heart. Systolic is at the peak pressure of the arteries that happens during the near end of a cardiac cycle in which the ventricles are in contraction.
- The diastolic pressure characterizes the minimum pressures on the arteries that happen at the beginning of the cardiac cycle in which the ventricles were full of blood. The average normal blood pressure of healthy adult is 120/80mmHg that spoken as one-twenty over eighty.
- Hypertension is the term used if the arterial pressure is abnormally high and the hypo tension refers to the pressure that is abnormally low. BP side by side with respiratory rate, body temperature, and pulse rate assessments are the major measurements in the physiological parameters.
- Arterial pressure measurements were non-invasive; it was measured without the skin or arterial penetration. The pressure measure invasively is through the penetration of the arterial walls is able to take a measurement. This method is less common and it is usually done in the hospital settings.
- Due to the pumping of the heart and the resistance of the blood vessels, the blood pressure decreases while the circulating blood was moving away from the heart all the way through the arteries. It decreases greatly with the smaller arteries and the arterioles, continuing to decrease while the blood was moving throughout the capillaries back to heart all the way through the veins.
- The BP is referred to the pressure being measured by a person through the upper arm. It is commonly measured from the brachial artery that is the major blood vessel which is carrying blood away from the heart. The BP is commonly articulated by the systolic and diastolic pressures like 110/70.